Who is Kadambini Ganguly | why is Kadambini Ganguly so famous | Kadambini Ganguly the 19th century Doctor

Kadambini Ganguly was born in 1861 and grew up in Chandsi, Barisal district in Bengal (now Bangladesh). Her father, Braja Kishore Basu, was the chief of the profession and was also involved in many social movements related to women’s empowerment. He was the famous champion of Brahmo Samaya. Kadambini’s childhood was strongly influenced by the Renaissance in Bengal. He completed his formal education at Bang Mahila Vidyalaya, later merging with Bethune School. Kadambini later took an entrance exam to the University of Kolkata and became the first woman at Bethune School to do so. Along with providing their education, it continues to strive to facilitate women’s education. His success inspired Bethune College to establish FA (First Arts) and postgraduate courses in 1883. Kadambini was one of the first two graduates, along with Chandramukhi Basu, in the entire British Paradise. Kadambini then wants to continue treatment.

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biography of Kadambini Ganguly

Kadambini Ganguly: The 19th Century Doctor Who Broke The Glass Ceiling |  #IndianWomenInHistory

The journey to the doctor was not easy for her as a woman. Despite her merits, Calcutta Medical College refused to grant her admission because there were no Indian women who studied there in the past. Dwarakanath Ganguly is also currently campaigning for guaranteed accommodation and student enrollment at Calcutta Medical College. Finally, in 1884, after the couple legally threatened the authorities, he was admitted to college. She became the first woman to be accepted to Calcutta Medical College. It was his dream of being admitted to Calcutta Medical College (CMC) – formerly known as Medical College, Bengal.

The year 1886 set her record as one of the first Indian physicians to qualify to practice Western medicine with Anandi Gopal Joshi. He earned a GBMC (Graduate of Bengal Medical College) degree, which enabled him to practice.
Kadambini received a scholarship of Rs. 20 per month for medical studies. However, after graduating, she worked very briefly at Lady Dufferin Women’s Hospital (where her salary was Rs 200 per month) before she decided to travel to London in 1892 for further education. Strong resistance from his colleagues and administrative staff is considered a possible reason.

India’s first female graduate

Ganguly began her education at Bang Mahila Vidyalaya and then earned a bachelor’s degree from Calcutta University in 1883, the first woman to graduate from India (Rao, Karmin & Motiwala, 2007). H.C. Reynolds, director of public education, says Ganguly’s graduation was “the most remarkable event in the history of women’s education in Bengal.” In the 1990s, the Royal College of Physicians became well-known around the world, and prejudice against female students began to subside only recently (Karlekar, 2012). Ganguly has made a place in the field of medicine because it is often dominated by men, even in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom. It will be interesting to note how the Ganges remained successful in their field, even though they were exposed to foreign culture during their time in Edinburgh.

Who is Dwarkanath Ganguly

World's first women's liberation journal by Dwarkanath Ganguly, who fought  for women literacy
Who is Dwarkanath Ganguly

Not only in education, but Kadambini Ganguly calls on everyone who considers society acceptable at every step. In 1883, she married her teacher Dwarakanatha Ganguly, a prominent leader of Brahmo Samaj of Bang Mahila Vidyalaya, who was 17 years older than her. This decision is unacceptable to most Hindus and is a section on Brahmos. Dwarakanath, 39, is a widower and some refuse to acknowledge their marriage. When many thought he would complete his education after graduation, Dwarkanath encouraged him to study medicine and always stand behind it.

why is Kadambini Ganguly so famous

In addition to being a doctor, Kadambini Ganguly was at the forefront of many social movements. Even though the Indian National Congress (INC) was founded in 1885, it did not allow women to participate – something Dwarakanath has opposed since then. But in 1889, Kadambini and five other women were able to attend, and the first physician in India moved and resigned. When the Bengal Division divided the country in 1906, Kadambini organized a women’s conference in Calcutta for Unity and served as president in 1908. In the same year, she apparently supported Satyagrahu and mobilized people to raise funds to support workers. Kadambini apparently opposed the practice of Calcutta Medical College for failing to accept candidates for a medical conference in 1915.
It was her scandalous lecture that led the university authorities to change politics and open the door to all female students.
Kadambini Ganguly suffers from high blood pressure but does not interfere with his work. Dwarakanath’s death in 1898 largely removed him from public life and also affected his health. But just a year before she died, she visited Bihar and Orissa to help the miners. On October 3, 1923, 63-year-old Kadambini underwent critical patient surgery. He returned home exhausted and died the same evening.

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death of Kadambini Ganguly

Kadambini Ganguly’s life changed when she returned from England. she was eventually accepted as the head physician at Lady Dufferin Hospital and also continued to flourish in her private practice and could soon give up her work at the hospital.

Another shocking case occurred when male doctors diagnosed a woman with a tummy in the abdomen, but Kadambini Ganguly correctly diagnosed it as a pregnancy and delivered the child safely.

Kadambini Ganguly suffers from high blood pressure, but she is never the mediator between him and her work. On October 3, 1923, 63-year-old Kadambini underwent critical patient surgery. her returned home exhausted and died the same evening.


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