The National Rural Employment Act (NREGA), later renamed as Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA), is regarded as the Indian labor law and social security measure that targets to guarantee people of India the ‘right to work.’ MGNREGA was enacted in September 2005.
In 1991, the Act was proposed by the then Prime Minister of India P.V. Narasimha Rao. After several sessions, the act was finally accepted in the Parliament and implementation started in 625 districts of India.
1. To enrich livelihood security in rural areas by giving at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to all the households whose members aged above 18 years volunteer to do unskilled manual work 2. To flourish durable assets like roads, canals, ponds and wells
Generally Gram Panchayats (GPs) implement the programmes under MGNREGA. The engagement of contractors/middlemen is strictly prohibited in the programme.
It enhances the power of the Gram Panchayats. It provides the guarantee of paid employment in the rural regions of the country. It promotes the social inclusion of the rural population of the country. It ensures better usage of the land and water resources of the rural regions of the country.